One should be sure to gain as much knowledge as possible about breast cysts symptoms and treatment. Breast cysts are common in women, but they can be easily mistaken for breast cancer if one does not know enough about them. With a little information though, one can find the causes and symptoms of cysts in breast and, avoid any unnecessary stress in the future.
Breast cysts are small sacs filled with fluid. They are often somewhat painful and feel movable within the breast. These sacs may also increase in size just before a woman’s period while decreasing in size after a woman’s period.
While exact breast cysts causes remain unknown, they are understood to be an issue that results from an overgrowth of glands and connective tissue near the ducts in the breast that produce milk. There are 15 to 20 lobes of glandular tissue, which are further divided into smaller lobules that produce milk during pregnancy. The breast has small ducts that also allow for the milk to run from the lobules to a small depository just behind the nipple. When these ducts are blocked due to an overgrowth of some variety, a sac will form and fill with milk, which is a breast cyst. Although the exact cause is unknown, there has been some research to show that an excess of estrogen in the body may be related to the production of cysts.
The procedure used to diagnose a breast cyst is in fact the most common treatment for them as well. A complex breast cyst aspiration is a procedure in which a doctor uses a needle to pierce the breast and drain the fluid from a breast cyst. If the doctor drains the fluid and it is watery in consistency, then the cyst most likely requires no further testing and will probably heal over in the next few weeks. If the fluid is bloody or the cyst does not disappear, then the doctor will probably send a sample of the fluid to be tested for other diseases. If the lump turns out to be solid rather than fluid, then the doctor will require further imaging tests, such as mammography or ultrasound, to get a better look at the lump to diagnose it. The aspiration procedure is relatively painless, but some doctors will numb the skin in the area that is pierced. A bruise will most likely show up in the punctured area but no other side effects should come from the procedure. Even if the fluid in the sac is watery, the doctor will probably require a follow up visit in the next four to six weeks to ensure that no other symptoms have arisen. Hormones have also been used in the past to regulate one’s menstrual cycle, which has been known to aid in the overall reduction of the cysts in breast.
Breast cysts have not bee shown to increase the likelihood of breast cancer. With that being said, one should not take breast cysts symptoms lightly though as a self-diagnosis of a breast cyst may cause someone to miss a case of breast cancer, which could allow it to metastasize to dangerous levels.